Class LeeDistance

  • All Implemented Interfaces:
    NormalizedPermutationDistanceMeasurer, NormalizedPermutationDistanceMeasurerDouble, PermutationDistanceMeasurer, PermutationDistanceMeasurerDouble

    public final class LeeDistance
    extends Object
    Lee Distance:

    Lee Distance is closely related to deviation distance. However, Lee Distance considers the permutation to be a cyclic structure when computing positional deviations. That is, an element's deviation between permutations is the minimum of its deviation to the right or to the left (wrapping around ends cyclicly).

    Consider p1 = [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5] and p2 = [5, 1, 0, 2, 3, 4]. Element 0 is 2 positions displaced (as in deviation distance). Elements 2, 3, and 4 are a 1 position displaced (as in deviation distance). Element 1 is stationary. Element 5 is 1 position displaced (for Lee Distance) whereas for Deviation Distance it would be 5 positions displaced. For Lee distance, the displacement is the minimum of how far it is displaced in either of the two directions. In this case element 5 is at the right most end in p1 and left most end of p2, which as a cyclic structure are adjacent positions.

    Runtime: O(n), where n is the permutation length.

    Described in:
    C. Lee, "Some properties of nonbinary error-correcting codes," in IRE Transactions on Information Theory, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 77-82, June 1958.

    • Constructor Detail

      • LeeDistance

        public LeeDistance()
        Constructs the distance measurer as specified in the class documentation.
    • Method Detail

      • distance

        public int distance​(Permutation p1,
                            Permutation p2)
        Measures the distance between two permutations.
        Parameters:
        p1 - first permutation
        p2 - second permutation
        Returns:
        distance between p1 and p2
        Throws:
        IllegalArgumentException - if p1.length() is not equal to p2.length().
      • max

        public int max​(int length)
        Description copied from interface: NormalizedPermutationDistanceMeasurer
        Computes the maximum possible distance between permutations of a specified length.
        Parameters:
        length - Permutation length.
        Returns:
        the maximum distance between a pair of permutations of the specified length.